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2014 Award Winners

Curtis G. Hames Research Award

Benjamin Crabtree, PhD, and William Miller, MD, MA

Lives unfold as stories. Almost 30 years ago, the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Connecticut received a Title VII grant to develop research capacity. They tasked a new clinical faculty member with recruiting a new PhD-level faculty with a background in medical anthropology and expertise in computers and quantitative methods. Thus, William Miller, MD, MA, helped draft Benjamin Crabtree PhD, into family medicine, which launched a 30-year collaboration and partnership. In the beginning, they spent a lot of time reflecting about ways to partner that ensured synergy, sustainability, and individual vocational success. Considerable time was also spent pondering how to find methods that preserved the heart of research questions while noticing the virtual lack of qualitative methods being used in family medicine research.

This prompted Ben and Will to organize a preconference at the 1991 NAPCRG meeting, which subsequently transformed into an edited book, Doing Qualitative Research (1992 and 1999). Seeking to use multiple methods, they discovered the need for working with multiple disciplines and people and became lead editors on a book about developing collaborative research teams, Exploring Collaborative Research in Primary Care (1994). Recently, Drs Crabtree and Miller served as guest editors on a special issue of Health Services Research exploring innovations in mixed-methods research.

Over the years, Drs Miller and Crabtree have collaborated on multiple AHRQ and NIH funded grants that used mixed-methods designs to describe and test organizational change strategies for enhancing quality of care in primary care practices using a conceptual framework based on complexity science concepts. The collaboration also includes their recent work as part of a team that evaluated the National Demonstration Project and a current 3-year Large Conference grant (R13) from AHRQ to explore challenges in practice transformation to a PCMH. Benjamin Crabtree is now professor and chief, Division of Research, at the Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School while William Miller serves as Leonard Parker Pool chair in Family Medicine at the Lehigh Valley Health Network in Allentown, PA.

They have collaborated on more than 50 published peer-reviewed articles and numerous book chapters on both qualitative and quantitative methods and how to understand and improve family medicine practice.

(from left to right: STFM President John Saultz, MD, Award Winners William Miller, MD, MA and Benjamin Crabtree, PhD, and STFM Research Committee Chair Frederick Chen, MD, MPH) 

STFM Best Research Paper AwardAccepted by Alex Krist, MD, MPH

Interactive Preventive Health Record to Enhance Delivery of Recommended Care: A Randomized Trial
Alex H. Krist, MD, MPH, Steven H. Woolf, MD, MPH, Stephen F. Rothemich, MD, MS, Robert E. Johnson, PhD, J. Eric Peele, BA, Tina D. Cunningham, PhD, Daniel R. Longo, ScD, Ghalib A. Bello, BS, and Gary R. Matzke, PharmD
PURPOSE: Americans receive only one-half of recommended preventive services. Information technologies have been advocated to engage patients. We tested the effectiveness of an interactive preventive health record (IPHR) that links patients to their clinician’s record, explains information in lay language, displays tailored recommendations and educational resources, and generates reminders.
Ann Fam Med 2012;July-Aug;10(4):312-9.

(Alex Krist, MD, giving comments about the paper and his research team)

STFM Advocate Award—Jack Westfall, MD, MPH

Jack Westfall, MD, MPH, is the chief medical officer for the Colorado Health Cooperative (Colorado HealthOP), Colorado’s first statewide nonprofit health insurance cooperative. Dr Westfall will lead a statewide integrated care model and population health programs to optimize the CO-OP’s clinical effectiveness. Much of his work has focused on determining innovative coverage options and incentives for members. Already, Dr Westfall has successfully made the case for coverage and reimbursement to practices for home blood pressure monitoring and infant oral health. He helped decide that the HealthOp will be the first health plan in Colorado’s individual and small-group markets to not exclude transgender health in their coverage policy. Under Dr Westfall’s leadership, Colorado HealthOP will build an environment that “not only provides sick care, but also supports healthy living.”

Dr Westfall is a clinical professor of family medicine at the University of Colorado. He is the founder and director of the High Plains Research Network, an integrated practice-based research network of rural and frontier hospitals, clinics, and clinicians dedicated to improving medical care in rural Colorado. He has  conducted research on a host of topics including cardiac care, palliative care, medical mistakes, colon cancer prevention, asthma, underinsurance, patient-centered medical home, and integrated behavioral health. He is the recipient of both the Chancellor’s Diversity Award from the University of Colorado, Denver and the North American Primary Care Research Group President’s Award. 

(from left to right: STFM President John Saultz, MD, Advocate Award Winner Jack Westfall, MD, MPH, STFM Academic Family Medicine Advocacy Committee Chair Mary Hall, MD.) 

F. Marian Bishop Award—Perry Pugno, MD, MPH, CPE

Perry Pugno, MD, MPH, CPE, is vice president for education of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). After service with the National Health Service Corps, Dr Pugno became a family medicine residency director and accumulated more than 20 years experience in that role. His professional background also includes trauma center director, hospital chief medical officer, public health officer, vice president of a large integrated health system, and medical director of a health plan. He is clinical professor of family and community medicine at both the University of California, Davis and the University of Kansas Schools of Medicine. 

He has dedicated his career to family medicine education, being a talent scout and mentor for countless family medicine leaders, and being an incredible repository of knowledge about education.  Perry has just retired as vice president of education at the AAFP.  Perry and and his wife, Terry, have been happily married for 44 years, and their three sons and seven grandchildren live in California and Ohio. The number of hours spent away from home and miles traveled in his work for family medicine have been unimaginable and through it all he has kept his passion for this work and his sense of humor.  

One of his mentees said,  “Perhaps one of Dr Pugno’s greatest strengths is his gentle leadership style that engages disparate stakeholders with a diversity of opinions. He is a visionary leader who knows that the best way to find effective, efficient, equitable solutions is through weaving together a multitude of experiences and perspectives.”

(F. Marian Bishop Award Winner Perry Pugno, MD, MPH, CPE, pictured here with his wife, Terry) 


STFM Innovative Program Award—The O'Connor-Stanford Leaders in Education Residency (OSLER) Program

The O’Connor-Stanford Leaders in Education Residency 
(OSLER) Program is a joint initiative of the O’Connor Family Medicine Residency Program and Stanford University. It is a clinician educator track designed to provide a unique opportunity for family medicine residents who wish to develop the skills necessary to become future leaders in medical education. By teaching alongside master clinician educators at Stanford, O’Connor residents in the OSLER track complete a curriculum that mirrors many elements of a faculty development fellowship during residency. Graduates are poised to excel as excellent clinician educators, effective leaders, and successful change agents in the rapidly changing world of medical education.

Osler has three primary objectives: (1) To train a new generation of family medicine leaders in medical education, (2) To create and sustain a vibrant community of resident scholars, innovators, and leaders at the O’Connor Family Medicine Residency Program, and (3) To renew and advance primary care at Stanford School of Medicine.

By teaching alongside master educators at Stanford, residents in the OSLER track complete a curriculum that mirrors many elements of a faculty development fellowship during residency. Graduates are poised to excel as effective leaders and successful change agents.

Osler's impact has been broad and noticeable, the program has significantly elevated the standing of primary care and family medicine at Stanford. As one of the handful of medical schools in the United States without a department of family medicine, Stanford has seen an average of only 2% of its graduating students choose family medicine in the last decade. However in 2013, thanks in part to the OSLER Program, nearly 1 in 10 graduates matched into family medicine for the first time in the school’s history.  Although still a young program, OSLER’s national influence is growing as medical schools and residencies across the country are adopting its model of training residents as teachers to help and inspire students to choose a career in family medicine.

Osler started as a bold, ambitious idea and is now a successful model, held up as an example to residency programs in other disciplines at Stanford and across the country as a program for others to emulate.

(Steven Lin, MD shown here accepting the 2014 STFM Innovative Program Award on behalf of the OSLER program)

STFM Excellence in Education—Carmen Dominguez-Rafer, MD, MPH

Carmen Dominguez-Rafer, MD, MPH, is currently the assistant director for the Primary Care Clerkship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and past program director for the New York Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia Family Medicine Residency Program. Her career has been dedicated to education, mentorship, and advocacy for the discipline of family medicine.

For the past 7 years, she has worked together with the Center’s COPC director to develop a yearly mini-immersion trip to the Dominican Republic that exposes interns to the experience of international service trips as well as the medical, economic, psychosocial, and cultural milieu of the immigrant population they serve during residency. She currently has an underserved inner city continuity practice of 15 years and is completing training in acupuncture this spring.

Known affectionately by her protégés as “Dr D” she has remarkable supportive skills and collaborative teaching approach. A former resident wrote, “She provided guidance but also the necessary freedom for me to develop my leadership skills. Her mentorship and zeal for education stimulated my interest in academic family medicine. Dr D’s excellence is exemplified by the quality of residents she has trained—many of whom have gone on to pursue academic careers.

Not only is she a nurturing person and a wonderful teacher,  but Dr Dominguez-Rafer has developed a unique international curriculum. Each year, she takes a class of interns to the Dominican Republic where they visit hospitals, public health facilities, and health outreach programs to better understand the context of their Dominican patents and the community they will serve back in New York City.

A nominator wrote “Her dedication was not limited to the classroom but extended to the underserved community. Dr D’s patients loved her and were loyal to her. They trusted her as she consistently demonstrated a commitment to their care. Dr D modeled this compassion every day to her residents.”

Dr Dominguez works tirelessly to increase the visibility of family medicine in New York City, a city that is very subspecialist-focused and not known for primary care.

She graduated from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine. She obtained her MPH in Health Policy at Columbia University. She completed her family medicine residency at the Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn and Queens, then started her clinical practice at Fordham Family Practice of the Montefiore Medical Group (Bronx, NY) in 1995.

(from left to right: STFM President John Saultz, MD, Excellence in Education Award Winner Carmen Dominguez-Rafer, MD, MPH, and STFM Communications Committee Chair Paul Gordon, MD) 

Lynn and Joan Carmichael STFM Recognition Award—Jeannette South-Paul, MD

Jeannette South-Paul, MD, is the Andrew W. Mathieson UPMC professor and chair of the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. She became the first woman and the first African American to serve as a permanent department chair at the university.

Dr South-Paul is responsible for the educational, research, and clinical activities of the undergraduate and graduate medical education, faculty practice, and community arms of three family medicine residencies and nine ambulatory clinical sites in Pittsburgh, PA, a practicing family physician who includes maternity care, as well as an academician with specific research interests in the areas of cultural competence, maternity care, and health disparities in the community. 

Dr South-Paul has distinguished herself as a champion for family medicine roles locally, regionally, and nationally. The advancement of family medicine as a discipline around the globe is at the core of what Dr South-Paul does.

During her 23 years as a clinician and academician in family medicine, she has made enormous contributions to medical education. Her academic track record indicates her steadfast and authentic desire to create inspiring academic environments that develop exemplary medical professionals. As Dr South-Paul has said, “As we structure our curricula in medical schools and training programs, we need to attend to issues of community health as well as individual health so we can keep people from more serious conditions.”

Her research interests include biological, social and behavioral factors associated with women’s health, maternal child health and fitness, and evaluating cultural competence in clinicians and trainees.

She is a widely recognized speaker and author on cultural competence in medical education; the impact of race, ethnicity and culture on health; cultural diversity and academic medicine; and the development of minority physicians and faculty.

One nominator wrote, “She is a compassionate and caring clinician who has out of her own personal experiences and professional endeavors, demonstrated an untiring and enduring motivation for providing quality health care for the underserved and disadvantaged populations.”

Dr South-Paul is a past president of STFM. She has served on many academic committees and review boards. She was honored in a special National Library of Medicine traveling exhibition, “Changing the Face of Medicine: Celebrating America's Women Physicians.”

She earned her BS degree from the University of Pennsylvania, her MD at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 2011. In 2012, Dr South-Paul received the Dr Wangari Maathai Humanitarian Award from Workforce Development Global Alliance (WDGA), a Pittsburgh-based organization that helps disadvantaged youth in the United States and Africa.

(from left to right: Cynthia Carmichael, MD, daughter of Dr Lynn and Joan Carmichael, Recognition Award Winner Jeannette South-Paul, MD, and STFM Communications Committee Chair Paul Gordon, MD) 

Copyright 2018 by Society of Teachers of Family Medicine